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The state of the nation in facts and figures

14.3 % is the percentage of paved roads in 2009. Photo/FILE NATION MEDIA GROUP. Kenya in numbers, Somali in chaos – never the less, what happed, happen. Can we, at least, re-build the house we burned? www.kismaayodaily – your gateway of a news that makes sense.


Did you know?

  • Kenya emitted 10.4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide in 2008 compared to 5.8 million tons in 1990. The gas, which is blamed for global warming, came from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement and includes the carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring
  • Six point five per cent of Kenyans are affected by natural disasters such as droughts, floods, or extreme temperature catastrophes in the period 1990-2009.

The 16th edition of the World Bank’s World Development Indicators 2012 is packed with international statistics on development and the quality of life in various countries. Below, a journey through Kenya by numbers. The list is not absolute.

580,000 sq km: Kenya’s surface area. Total area including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.

41 million: The estimated population in 2010 (In 2000 it was 31.3 million) with a density of 71 people per square kilometre and average annual growth of 2.6 per cent.

3.5 million: The population in the capital city of Nairobi in 2010.

134: The United Nation Happiness Report 2012 conducted by the Earth Institute of Colombia University ranked Kenya at position 134 out of 156.

72%: The proportion of privately owned dwellings as a percentage of total dwellings in the country in 1999. Privately owned and owner-occupied units are included.

1.9 per cent: Kenya’s Military expenditure as a percentage of GDP in 2010 (In 2005 it was 1.7 per cent), the armed personnel numbered 29,000 while arms imports was 73 million (Sh6 billion).

1.3 per cent: Contribution of natural resources to gross domestic product in 2010, made up of mineral rents (0.1 per cent) and forests rents.

402,900: The refugees in the country in 2010.

67.2: The percentage of the population living below the international poverty line of $2 (Sh170) a day, the median poverty line for developing countries in 2005. In 1997 it was 42.7 per cent.

15.5 million: The number of people from 15 and above engaged actively in the labour market, either by working or looking for work during 2010 as compared to 11.9 million in 2000. This includes both the employed and the unemployed.

48 per cent: Land under agriculture by 2009. This is permanent pastures, arable land, and land under permanent crops. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forages, including natural and cultivated crops.

2.5m: The thousands of hectares of land under cereal production by the year 2010 compared to 1.8m hectares in 1992. The cereal yield was 1,613 kg per hectare in 2010.

Child labour at 14.1 per cent: Number of children aged between seven and 14 that were employed for at least one hour in a week and not attending school, in 2000.

Female-headed households at 34%: Between 2007 and 2010, 34 per cent of total households had a female head.


4.7 children: Fertility rate in 2010. This is the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and bear children in accordance with the current age-specific fertility rates. In 1990 the figure stood at 6.0.

56 years: Life expectancy at birth in 2010. It is the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to remain the same throughout its life ( In 1990, it was 59 years)

4.8 per cent: Total health expenditure as a percentage of GDP. It is the sum of public and private health expenditure covering provision of preventive and curative health services, family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.

$37 (Sh3,100): Health expenditure per person in 2010. This is the sum of public and private health expenditure divided by total population.

1.4: The hospital beds available per 1,000 people by 2010.

488 deaths: Maternal mortality ratio in 2010. This is the number of women who die during pregnancy or within 42 days of pregnancy termination and childbirth, per 100,000 live births.

298 people: The estimated number of new Tuberculosis cases per 100,000 people in 2010. In 2009 the TB treatment success rate of new registered cases was 86 per cent.

48: The percentage of population with advanced HIV infection by 2010 that received this treatment. In 2009, 6.3 per cent of people aged from 15 to 49 were HIV prevalent.


47:1: Primary school pupils to teacher ratio in 2010. This is the number of pupils enrolled in schools divided by the number of teachers, regardless of their teaching assignments.

87: The percentage of adults aged 15 and over who could, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life by 2010.

92 and 94: The respective percentages of male and female youth who were literate in 2010. This is the percentage of people aged from 15 to 24 who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement about their everyday life.


14.3: Percentage of paved roads in 2009. This is the length of those surfaced with crushed stones and hydrocarbon binder or bituminised agents, with concrete, or with cobble stones as a percentage of all the country’s roads.

23: The number of motor vehicles per 1,000 people in 2009. These are road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver).

61,945: The kilometers of road network in 2009. This is the total length of motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. Road density — kilometres of road per 100 sq kilometres of land area was 11.

1,917: The kilometres of rail line by 2010. It is the total length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks.

25.9: The number of Kenyans per 100 who had access to the internet in 2010.

62: Mobile Cellular subscription per 100 people in 2010, while the population covered by mobile cellular network stood at 89 per cent. The telecommunication revenue as a percentage of GDP was 6.3 per cent.

28: Percentage of households that owned television sets in 2010. By 2009, there were 56 researchers per a million people while the country had 291 scientific and technical journals articles published.

Trade and Economy

4.3 per cent: The gross domestic product average annual growth in 2011. In 2010 it was 5.3 per cent with contribution by the agricultural sector at 1.9 per cent, industry, 4.9 per cent, manufacturing, 4.3 per cent and services 4.5 per cent.

$790 (Sh67,000): Gross National Income per capita in 2010. This is the Gross National Income divided by mid-year population. Ranked 183, globally.

1,469,000: International tourists travelled into the country in 2010. (In 2000, the figure was 899,000)

Environment and Energy

31: Micrograms per cubic metre particulate matter concentration (air pollution) in Nairobi in 2009 (1990=67). This is fine suspended particulates of less than 10 microns in diameter that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing severe health damage (compare: Cairo = 112; London = 17 ; New York = 17 ; Accra = 21 in 2009)

35,000: Square Kilometres of forest area (6.1 per cent) in 2010 compared to 37,000 sq km (6.5 per cent) in 1990. This is land spanning more than 0.5 hectares with trees higher than five metres and a canopy cover of more than 10 per cent or with trees able to reach these thresholds in their original, natural place. It excludes land that is predominantly under agricultural or urban use. By 2010, the average annual deforestation (conversion to other uses) was 0.33 per cent.

Threatened species

In 2011 these consisted of 28 mammals, 31 birds, 68 fish, and 128 higher plants.

Nationally protected areas

Totally or partially protected terrestrial areas of at least 1,000 hectares in 2010 were 11.8 per cent of land area.

Source: (nation)

Kismaayodaily On December - 7 - 2012

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